Pearls have always been perceived as a symbol of wealth and power. They helped Cleopatra win a wager
with Mark Antony as to who could hold the most expensive banquet of all times. The Queen of Egypt took
one of her pearl earrings, crushed the jewel, and dissolved it in her wine, which she then drank.
She offered the other earring to the Roman general, who refused and conceded the wager.

Pearls stimulate feelings and cause emotions to be more harmonious, balanced, and easily expressed.
They soothe fear and strengthen intuition.

In many countries pearls are worn by brides on wedding day, as a token of purity and loyalty.


Nacre is the inner, highly iridescent shell layer of certain mollusks. Like natural pearls, it is mostly composed
of calcium carbonate (aragonite), and has similar properties.

It takes on various colors, being white in most cases, but also cream, silver, yellowish, slate gray,
and gray. In some cases, it is rainbow-colored, an effect sometimes referred to as irisation.

The era of cultured pearls began around 1910 in Japan. Cultured pearls are natural products developed
with human assistance. Currently, around 90% of pearls on the market come from such specialized farms.


The other name for nacre, “mother of pearl,” comes from the German Perlmutter, which means exactly that.
Given that its coloration is similar to that of opals (with iridescent green, blue, violet, and yellow-green hues),
it is sometimes referred to as “sea opal” in commerce.

In turn, the etymology of the word “pearl” is not entirely certain. The word may derive from either perna
or sphaerula, denoting the type of the shell or its spherical shape, respectively.


The first mentions of pearls, found in the works of a Chinese historian, date back to 2206 BC.
They were originally mistakenly thought to be gemstones, just like diamonds, emeralds, rubies,
and sapphires. However, since pearls are of an organic origin, they cannot be called stones.

Civilizations as early as the ancient Egyptians used mother of pearl for both objects of everyday use
and jewelry. However, it was the Victorian era that made nacre popular. Many valuable objects
made out of this material have been preserved from that period, such as caskets, handles,
counters, chalices, cutlery, and cases, including cigarette cases.


Due to its medicinal properties, nacre is used in cosmetic products.
Pearls, in turn, are unique decorations in jewelry.


Pearls correspond to Cancer, Libra, Capricorn, Aquarius and Pisces.